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Hurricane Sandy: The largest Atlantic tropical storm on record

Publish Date30/10/2012 01:18:52 PM

Last Update30/10/2012 01:25:36 PM

Hurricane Sandy: The largest Atlantic tropical storm on record

Hurricane Sandy is the largest Atlantic tropical storm to go on record. The 18th named tropical hurricane and the 10th hurricane in the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season (Jun – Nov).

Sandy is a huge tropical storm that started in the 2012 late hurricane-season and developed into a hurricane and is probably the strongest of the season, the season had 19 tropical storms, including 10 hurricanes, and 1 major hurricane, this season is the third most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history.

Sandy is currently active, and had had its toll on Jamaica, Cuba, Haiti, The Bahamas, Dominican Republic and the United States, and eastern Canada and caused approximately eighty one deaths to the moment and a great deal of physical and structural damage.

It initially started as a tropical wave moving westward across the Caribbean Sea on October 19th   – 22nd. On the 22nd, wind speeds of 40 mph (64 km/h) was observed, which prompted the U.S National Hurricane Center (NHC) to upgrade it to a tropical storm and give it the name Sandy, it continued to strengthen due to various natural effects like gravity, condensation, and Air Pressure effects, the cloud patterns remained the same, but the NHC expected further development of the storm.

On the early hours of October 24 , an “Eye” began to develop, as it was moving steadily northward south of Kingston, Jamaica, a little later the NHC observed the winds at flight-level of 99 mph (159 km/h), where sandy was about 65 mph (105 km/h), and thus upgraded it into a Category 1 Hurricane according to the worldwide Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.

Later that day, the hurricane made Landfall near Kingston just offshore Cuba with winds of about 80 mph (130 km/h), and as it was approaching Cuba to the north of Jamaica, it rapidly increased speeds to 110 mph (175 km/h), and was considered a Category 2, the Eye was defined over 23 mile (37 km) in diameter, at the second landfall in Cuba the structure of the hurricane deteriorated and the eye was no longer visible, the hurricane then exited Cuba heading north towards Eastern Coast of the U.S.

On the 26 of October, and on the 27th the hurricane weakened to a tropical storm but afterwards wind reports indicated that it was re-organized as a hurricane.

On October 29th, the hurricane made landfall in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and it is currently considered a tropical storm located about 90 miles (145 km) west of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and 15 miles (24 km) east of York, Pennsylvania with maximum wind speed of 65 mph (105 km/h).

The core of the storm is moving west northwest at 15 mph (24 km/h), wind gusts were reported across Long Island and the New York Metropolitan Area, in addition to a significant Storm Surge intensifying along the Mid-Atlantic and Southern New England coast, with New York absorbing most of the damage, the Post-Tropical storm is expected to continue at a across a large area of Northeastern United States, and slowing down the next couple of days. 

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