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Publish Date09/09/2012 10:08:47 AM
Last Update10/09/2012 10:45:02 AM
A hectic week is waiting financial markets after the European Central Bank announced its bond-buying program in its latest attempt to fight the deepening debt crisis. Eyes will be on the German constitutional court as its votes on the legality of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) as well as the Swiss National Bank scheduled to announce rate decision for September.
Focus shifts to Germany and it lawmakers in particular as eight members of the German court in Karlsruhe is expected to vote on Wednesday on the legality of ESM, an long-lasting arsenal designed to bailout debt-throttled euro area member states as of this year.
Germany, which contributes around 27% of the fund’s firepower, is one of the final countries to rule on the ESM; however the court could rule that the fund is unconstitutional or even delay would suppress efforts made to make ESM possible to shore up debt-stricken euro member states.
German finance minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said last week he was "sure" his country`s constitutional court would not bloc treaties establishing a permanent bailout fund and tight fiscal compact in Europe, pointing the German court had never before blocked a European treaty.
In fact, the court should approve the fund easily given increasing woes of euro area`s debt risking the prospects of growth as the euro area economy heads deep down in spiral recession, so the court`s final verdict should mainly support the indecisive role of the ESM in tackling the euro area debt crisis.
Economists see that there is a slight chance the court could approve the ESM with some specific conditions. As they ruled out the “no” possibility but saying yes would be accompanied with some conditions.
Potential conditions could be; a cap on Germany’s contribution, a requirement to be reapproved by the parliament for further approval or even make a rare referendum before German voters, who may or may not sign off on the ESM.
Some Polls showed that Germans do support keeping the euro amid worsening fiscal conditions, but voters don’t want their money to go for further bailouts for debt-laden nations such as Greece.
Also, the German court could delay the fund’s implementation by calling for further clarification to make a decision on such a critical issue.
The Swiss National Bank’s rate decision
Markets will the widely awaiting the SNB’s rate decision next week. The SNB is expected to keep its 3-month Libor rate among 0.0-0.25% in order to spur growth and support the economy which fell into contraction in the second quarter amid deepening debt crisis in neighboring states and firming Franc that continue to hammer their exports.
The Swiss economy contracted unexpectedly by 0.1% in the second quarter, compared to previously expected figure of 0.2% growth, after the economy grew by 0.5% in the first quarter of this year, but deepening crisis in Europe and the Franc’s appreciation made it harder for the economy to keep with the same momentum, with downside risks related to inflation’s outlook.
The bank is highly expected to keep its floor for the Euro/Franc pair at 1.20 euros in order to keep the franc price as low as they possible, making their exports more attractive and cheaper to foreign countries. The bank said repeatedly that it would intervene immediately if this floor was broken.
The SNB will couple the rate decision with new projections of growth and inflation, where analysts expect the SNB may lower these projections due to rising challenges that face the Swiss economy from the inside and the outside.
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